Vegan cosmetics

Vegan cosmetics are not just a fad

Chicken bone marrow found in moisturizers.

“When I stopped eating animal ingredients, I never had acne again,” Woody Harrelson, a movie star and longtime vegan, told Peta in an interview. Vegan cosmetics work according to this logic. If animal products harm the body from the inside, why introduce harmful ingredients from the outside?

Not only animal rights activists are outraged by the state of the cosmetic industry, but also cosmetic experts. It is amazing that in the 21st century there is a campaign to label cosmetic products that contain traces of cockroaches. In cosmetics, we find much more: snail slime, chicken bone marrow and waste fat by-products.

Bone marrow and mucus in antiaging creams

You’ll find chicken bone marrow in antiaging moisturizers under the label “glucosamine.” The law is satisfied if glucosamine is listed among the ingredients – chicken bone marrow is an excellent source of it – but not the origin of the individual ingredient. In a similar way, snail slime enters anti-aging creams, making the skin soft and supple. You can find it in creams under the label “KNU”.

Even red lipstick is not innocent

If you have any blush at home, check whether carmine or “carmine” is listed among the ingredients. It is obtained from special bugs that feed on cacti. The workers pick these from the cacti and let them dry, and when dried, they are ground into something that the cosmetics industry calls “carmine”. Since 2011, there has been a campaign to label products containing insects, but so far it has been unsuccessful.

Emulsifier from animal fat

The American Skin Deep Cosmetic Safety Association discovered even more shocking information. Waste animal fat is used as an emulsifier for soaps and lipsticks. This emulsifier comes from the by-products of cooking meat. In order to make even more profit, according to SDCS, they allegedly process expired meat, euthanized animals and even animals that are run over by cars.

There are alternatives

Scientists have all the necessary knowledge to create more humane cosmetic ingredients. Until recently, sperm whale sperm was used as a perfume stabilizer in cosmetic products. When the information became public, pressure from activists and public dismay led to the withdrawal of this ingredient from cosmetic products and a ban on its further use. Cosmetic companies with high ethical standards carefully avoid the use of these ingredients, and their offerings do not necessarily have to be expensive. Among the cheaper providers is the brand Alverde, for example.

WILD PIGS REPRODUCE FASTER BY HUNTING

Wild pig

NEW DATA FROM ITALY

Scientific data from Italy show that the increase in the population of feral pigs and thus the increase in damage to agriculture and traffic accidents is a direct result of hunting pressure on this species. Andrea Mazzatenta from the University of Teram in his report proves that the increase in the population of feral pigs is caused by hunters.

At the lecture in Vast entitled “Biological reasons for the spread of feral pigs and related legal problems”, prof. Andrea Mazzatenta, a pheromone expert, presented the results of the research: with data and graphs, he proved that the main reason for the increased reproduction and spread of wild boar in Abruzzo is the increase in hunting of these animals in recent decades. Also in Tuscany, the number of feral pigs has doubled due to intensive hunting and has now exceeded the 200,000 mark.

As prof. Mazzatenta, herds of wild Leitbach pigs are dominant. Leitbachs produce pheromones (hormone-like fragrances as mediators of information transfer). Pheromone emission inhibits the fertility of other lower-ranking females, with the Leitbach herd being the only one to reproduce. As hunters shoot down Leitbachs during the hunt, the herds disintegrate. This immediately triggers weaning in other lower-ranking females, which means that they reproduce several times in the same year and then form new herds. In this way, the number of feral pigs increases from year to year.

Although it sounds paradoxical, it is true: the more wild boar hunting, the more they multiply. This connection is pointed out by many scientists.

Wild pig’s mother and baby’s

LONG-TERM STUDY FROM FRANCE

MORE HUNTING LEADS TO INCREASED REPRODUCTION OF WILD PIGS

A long-term French study came to fruition ten years ago: intensive hunting leads to significantly higher reproduction and promotes fertility. Scientists in the Sabrine Servanty group compared the breeding of wild boar in a forest area in the Haute Marne department, where wild boar hunting is very intense, over a period of 22 years, with a hunting ground in the Pyrenees, where hunting is much less.

The result: in areas where hunting pressure is intense, the birth rate of feral pigs is significantly higher than in areas where there is very little hunting.

Furthermore, during intensive hunting, sexual maturity occurs significantly earlier – before the end of the first year, so that the puppies are already pregnant. The average weight of first-born feral pigs is also lower during intensive hunting.

In areas where there are fewer hunters at work, the reproduction of feral pigs is significantly lower, the sexual maturity of females occurs later and at a higher average weight.

Benefits of a vegan diet and health

For health: The position of the largest diet organization (Academy for nutrition and dietetics) is that a vegan diet can reduce the risk of: cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, certain types of cancer, obesity and related diseases. Numerous studies suggest many other benefits, but so far the consensus of science points to the aforementioned diseases.

Some authors of vegan eating plans and advocates of veganism believe that vegan eating also has other positive effects – increased energy, improved skin, weight loss, firmer nails and hair, improved bad breath and body odor.

For the environment: The transition of humanity to a vegan diet could address the challenges of climate change, reduce soil erosion and pollution of drinking water, and increase humanity’s food supply. At the same time, a vegan diet requires less arable land, as it does not require the production of mass quantities of animal feed.

For animals: Animals are present in our lives on a daily basis and have their own needs and can feel a wide range of emotions and feelings. The decision to vegan was made with the aim of ending the exploitation of animals, their suffering, injury and death. They advocate against cruelty and exploitation caused to animals by the food industry.

How are animal tests performed ????

Lethal dose testing: this test has been performed since as far back as 1927! The substance to be tested is forcibly poured or even “pumped” into the animal’s throat and stomach. This often results in death as a result of injury to the throat or stomach with tubes pushed by animals to the stomach, or actually due to a lethal dose. Another variant is to inject them with deadly substances by injection under the skin, into a vein, etc. and then observe how and for how long the animal suffers before being rescued… Often, however, these substances are also applied to the animal’s eyes, anal or vaginal opening, or forced to inhale through an attached mask. The quantities they use are often so high that they have nothing to do with reality and therefore do not give any useful results. Animal reactions include convulsions, vomiting, diarrhea, paralysis, bleeding from the eyes, nose, mouth, and buttocks. However, these tests can last for 3 months and longer! However, in long-term testing, animals are poisoned in these ways on a daily basis, and such torture continues even after 2 years… Of course, no painkillers are used, as this could interfere with the results…

On top of all this, however, these tests are not reliable. Man is not an animal and his body reacts differently. Therefore, there have also been various scandals with some drugs, which, despite being tested on animals countless times, have had severe side effects and have left irreparable consequences in humans. The lethal dose in animals also depends on several factors: the type of animal, sex, age, diet, time of year and method of testing, and many others. Eg nicotine is lethal for humans at a dose of 0.9 mg / kg, and in rats as much as 53 mg / kg! Alternatives to these atrocities, of course, exist; computer simulation, cultivation of tissue from a few removed cells, which can then be tested…

Eye irritant testing: This method has been in use for over 4 decades. In these tests, 100 milliliters of the substance in the form of liquid, granules or powder are injected into the eyes of experimental animals, usually rabbits. They are immobilized so that they cannot escape or move, and many of them even break their necks during such attempts. They have their eyes forcibly opened with staples. When these harmful substances are applied to them, the animals roar in pain, and the “scientists” observe how and for how long their eyes fail. This “observation” lasts up to three weeks, and the declining eye condition is recorded at intervals. The rabbits are, of course, fully conscious and do not receive any painkillers, as this is supposed to “disrupt” the course and results of the tests. The consequences of this torture are severe swelling of the eyelids, inflammation of the iris, pus or ulceration of the eyes, bleeding and blindness. Also, the results of these tests are not reliable, as the human eye is completely different from the rabbit. Uncertainty was also confirmed by subsequent studies: they compared the reaction of the human eye to accidental contact with an irritant and the results of these tests. The differences between the reactions of humans and rabbits were as many as 250 times! After the tests are completed, these rabbits are killed and used for further tests.

In addition, these tests do NOT protect users, but manufacturers. The fact that the rabbit will go blind within 72 hours after the anti-dandruff shampoo was applied to his eyes does not help anyone. We all already know that such things are not noticeable, and in case the substance accidentally gets there, we immediately wash it with water and seek medical help. No one will just leave it in her eyes and suffer severe pain!

More and more companies are opting for a less harsh and more reliable method of testing irritants; with volunteers, cultured tissues, corneas from “eye banks”… These tests are of course also much more reliable.

Skin irritant testing: Bunnies, monkeys or guinea pigs are usually used for these experiments. The irritant is applied to shaved or often even intentionally damaged skin. The results are skin irritation and redness, skin irritation, rash and swelling. Test animals are immobilized in devices that prevent them from escaping, while “scientists” repeatedly apply substances that irritate and burn their skin. However, because their skin is different, these tests are not reliable, as their skin reacts only to a limited extent and no difference can be observed between mild and severe irritation. Which, of course, does not mean that they suffer less… In addition, there are differences between individual species: when testing anti-dandruff shampoo, rabbits reacted very strongly, while baboons are barely noticeable.
An alternative is testing on cultured skin, which would also give reliable results.

How much substance penetrates the skin: These tests are used to determine if a substance can penetrate so deep that it enters the bloodstream and thus the whole body. It is performed as described above, but the uncertainty is very high here, as the difference in absorption of the substance is as much as 5 times between individual species of animals and humans.

Allergy testing: the likelihood of developing an allergy is tested. There are as many as 15 species of these tests and each requires as many as 20 to 40 animals !!! The substance is applied several times in a row to bare or even damaged skin, usually in a few times too high doses to be able to get a realistic estimate at all. In addition, of course, there are big differences between the reactions of different species of animals and humans.

Phototoxicity and photosensitivity: this is a test of skin reactions to chemicals under the influence of UV rays and light. Guinea pigs, mice, rats and rabbits are the most common victims of these tests. The irritating substance is applied to shaved skin. The results are skin irritation and redness, skin irritation, rash and swelling. In addition to the fact that the reaction on the skin of each animal and human is different, these results are also not recognized by international standards. So why implement them at all?

Carcinogenicity: Tests are usually performed on rats and mice. Not because they would respond to such substances much like humans, but because they are practical: small and cheap. These carcinogens apply to them everywhere: on the skin, under the skin, in the body… The value of these tests is very limited, because too high doses are used here to get a realistic estimate, and it takes quite some time for cancer to develops. However, the differences between the reactions of these animals and humans were one of the biggest, as the results of animal tests were similar to the reactions of humans in only 37% of cases!

Effects on reproductive ability: substances that are used only on the skin and there is almost no possibility of them being ingested in large quantities should not be tested at all.

Testing whether a substance can affect the mutilation of offspring: these tests are very expensive, time-consuming and unreliable. Eg a substance causes congenital mutilation in humans at a concentration of 0.5 mg / kg body weight, and in rabbits 30 mg / kg! In addition, aspirin causes deformity in rats, mice, cats, dogs, and monkeys, but not in humans.

Testing the effectiveness of the final product: in the vast majority of cases, the effectiveness of the final product can be determined on the basis of tests of the individual ingredients it contains. As many as four European countries have banned such testing, namely Germany, Switzerland, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

Alternative methods
For all these tortures of helpless animals, of course, there are alternative methods. These methods are very effective and reliable for testing both cosmetic and household products, as well as for other tests and trials. In addition, they are usually shorter and significantly cheaper, and they are not disturbed due to different results between different species of animals and other disturbing factors. If we take cancer experiments as an example: animal testing can take up to 8 years, the results are very unreliable and cost $ 400,000. The same test with alternative methods is completed in a few days, the results we get are accurate and cost only 200 to 4,000 US dollars!

These methods include in-vitro tests, computer simulations, data from tests already performed (so as not to duplicate tests), and with the help of volunteers. Thus, the Eytex method has been adopted for testing eye irritants, in which instead of applying harmful substances to animals in forcibly opened eyes, they grow the necessary tissue on the membrane and apply the irritant to it and observe changes. In addition to this, some other in vitro methods are available. Skintex, Corrositex, Testskin…, use of dead and animal skin, cultured or cloned skin and other tissues from cell and other cultures, with the help of Corrositex volunteers, are used to test photosensitivity, skin absorption rate and other skin tests. is an in vitro method that uses a protein membrane that is designed to react like human skin. This method gives results in just a few hours and one test costs only $ 100. The Eytex and Skintex methods (also called the Irritation Assay System) can be used to test as many as 5,000 different substances.
Then we have computer and mathematical simulations based on the physical and chemical structures and properties of matter. These are very clear and precise. But various methods in the field of molecular biology, biochemistry… In short, the possibilities do not run out.

From all that has been written, we can therefore conclude that TESTING ON ANIMALS IS NEITHER NECESSARY OR ACCEPTABLE from an ethical, scientific, health or economic point of view. Just why should these creatures suffer so much if we have a myriad of other methods available that are significantly faster, more reliable, and even cheaper? In short, there is NO apology.

Who suffers from beauty?

We women have always loved to be beautiful. We like to take care of ourselves, apply various creams and make-up that emphasize what is beautiful and hide our shortcomings. However, how many of us wonder where all these cosmetics come from? How do those who make cosmetics know which ingredients will have a beneficial effect on our skin, eliminate wrinkles, soothe it… And which are toxic and harmful in themselves, or have harmful effects in excessive amounts?
That’s right – all these ingredients and also the finished products need to be tested somewhere. But where? I wouldn’t already give my skin to test some new, as yet unknown and untested ingredient. And probably no other. What if it eats my skin? Does it cause skin cancer? No thanks. But what’s left? I wouldn’t have thought of it myself, but that’s why the cosmetic concerns, which are mostly about making money – albeit through corpses… In short, they got the idea: “Let’s test on animals! Yes, what a wonderful idea, the cost will be minimal, but who cares about some suffering rabbits or cats with torn skin and blinded, sore eyes! The main thing is that we sell our products! ”I do not agree with this and I uncompromisingly condemn such actions, and I also know that many other people around the world agree with me. Some, however, either don’t know how it goes at all, or they are simply rude and heartless people. Hoping to open my eyes to someone else, I decided to write a short article on how this is done so that those who don’t (yet) believe or don’t want to believe will overlook it. If the already poor blinded animals are not afraid…

Animal testing began decades ago, in 1933. In addition to medicines, animals are also tested on cosmetics and accessories, as well as cleaners, powders and similar items for household and other uses. Every year, millions of animals around the world first suffer severe pain and then die in laboratories to confirm the reliability and effectiveness of these products. There are 13 basic types of testing: testing on eye irritants, skin irritants, how much substance penetrates the skin, how much it irritates the skin, phototoxicity and photosensitivity, mutation, acute and chronic toxicity, carcinogenicity, reproductive effects, congenital effects defects, and testing the final performance of products. They test all sorts of things on animals; from basic cosmetic ingredients, of which there are about 8000, to eye shadows, mascara and soap, aggressive household cleaners, polishing waxes for furniture… They use all kinds of animals: rats, bunnies, guinea pigs and even dogs and cats.

Animals as humans best friend

I often wonder when people are become such a monster. They say that we are the most developed, intelligent and we have a brain in order to contemplate them. With all this I agree – in theory. As is shown in practice, in life itself but it is usually quite the opposite. An increasing number of murders, rape, abuse, torture, and not only to other people but also to animals. I do not understand what you are considering the kind of person who is capable of anything like this, of course, if anything considering. And where there are emotions, conscience? How can someone such a monster? That many wonders, but unfortunately this will never understand and know what is really going on with this person.

They say the animals are less developed than people. This is in some ways I disagree completely. Let the animals kill to survive, which is a completely natural process. However, the animal will not be tortured, abuse, rape … I do not know how does someone come to “connect” to torment animals. Closing them in small cages, do not give to eat and drink, they are beaten, they have to struggle, sexually abused, tortured by cutting, leaving them in their own excrement, leave alone for a few days … Someone in my head animal because it is interesting, because it He is wished his children. But they do not realize what responsibility is. The need for them to worry about, and not just cuddle and feed them. They need to be treated, take a walk, you learn to calm if they are afraid. Somehow it is like to have a small child. This is not only a (small) furry puppy to play, not stuffed toy. It is a living being who feels, loves, fears … Live a creature so like us humans. And when that time many people found it discarded; saying because there is no time, because it is expensive treated as liabilities, including food and treats are not exactly cheap, because they grow up, etc.

And so poories land on roads, in trenches, in the garbage, in shelters … like garbage, like an old toy that we are tired of it. However, all such ask if this is done the child, brother, sister, parents, because they are ill or because they have simply “Povne kufr”? Nobody think about what will happen to them or someone will take care of them, how they feel. People you forget that animals feel as scared, feel that they are discarded, they are sad and quietly weep, suffer. John can not help, can not say.

This happens every day, from city to city, from country to country. Perhaps even at this moment when you read this, a creature suffers. And what do people do? Nothing, respectively. insufficient. Close our eyes before the truth, we do not want to hear and know, because it’s just sad. And so the horror continues. Shelters are overflowing and often have a lot of animals to sleep, because no one comes after them or does not work otherwise. Since no one hears their silent cry for help, or just because they do not want help. I’m not saying that all people are such, we thank God. However, those of us good people, those who help too little, too little.

Therefore, people please listen, help, feel. Do not Close your eyes to the truth. To spread it, do something to help!

Believe me, there is no better feeling when you know that you are a creature saved the life of her brighter for days, give her love … When you is repaid with an abundance of gratitude, with love, you beautifies days it is with you when you badly, with you excited … it’s for you here and now to the end.

Transport of live animals

Every year, billions of living animals are transported worldwide, ranging from poultry, live cattle, pigs, sheep, goats and horses … to aquatic organisms. Many transportation lasts for hours and days or even weeks. By far, most animals are transported from one country to another. from one place to another within the country for food. Living animals are even transported by ships to other continents. Animals are transported to other countries mainly because of food, as they are slaughtered there and the meat is sold. During transport, many animals get sick, injure or even die. The suffering of animals, which are usually kneaded on a means of transportation, in the absence of food and water, covered with their own feces, is immense. Also, the loading and unloading of animals is suffering for animals. Such transports are extremely inhumane. Animals for carriers, as well as those who sold them and referred to the buyer, do not represent a living being, but just a thing that brings them money and profit.

Does anyone who breeds animals for slaughter, giving milk and eggs or other economic interests have a love for these animals? So does he love these animals? This is especially true because many farmers who make a living by raising animals state that they love their animals. to love them.

So he who loves an animal cares for the good and benefit of that animal. Is the transport of animals on a ship or in a large truck, where the suffering animals are kneaded, for the benefit and good of these animals? Clearly not. Does the livestock farmer who does this really love his animals? Clearly not, even though he claims so. Because actions are important, not words! Does a livestock farmer who has dairy cows really love you, even though he claims it? If this farmer takes away the calves of a calf and separates them so violently, is it good for mother and child? Clearly not. Is it good and useful for a mother dairy to be locked up for years and years in a small space where she has the status of a dairy factory. Clearly not. Is this then the love of the stockbreeder for his own dairy cow? It may be about love, but not about animals, but about something else. Is it a farmer’s love for his own animal if he sends it to a slaughterhouse, even though he claims it? And it practically works day after day, year after year? Is the brutal taking of animal life also part of love? And in the slaughterhouse, the beastly slaughter of animals immediately after slaughter? Is violent taking of life for the benefit of well-sacrificed animals? If it were, it would be absurd. Is the bloody slaughter of a pig on a slaughterhouse for the benefit and good of that animal, that is, love, even though the owner claims to love the pig?

Many livestock producers say that in addition to love of animals including humans. Do I love to people that they stockbreeders provide food, for example. meat and milk, which is scientifically proven to be very harmful and cause many diseases of civilization. Is what we produce and livestock producers has proven detrimental to the good and benefit of those people who enjoy it? So love the livestock farmers to consumers. If it were, this would be absurd!

Commercial livestock can not be love for animals, nor the people can, of course, but also to the nature of not. You can, of course, “love” to something else, for example. money, causing suffering … One of the prerequisites for the love of animals is that in this “živinorejcu” live up to its natural death and the conditions in the given circumstances as similar as possible to those in which animals live in the wild. Accordingly, it is necessary to add at least the essence of the golden rule: what you do not want to make the other do not make it so. For the golden rule also applies in relation to animals, of course, but also to the rest of nature. Everything is interconnected.
Transport of live animals should be abolished. The only exception is that the transport takes place, if it is in favor of the animals. Anyone can contribute to abolish the cruel transport of live animals so that first become a vegetarian and then vegan ASAP.

This is proven to be the most effective diet!

Want to lose extra pounds? Then reduce the amount of animal products consumed, experts say. They found that the vegan diet is the most effective in the fight against excess weight.

Eat less carbs, eat more protein, fast two days a week… These are just some of the popular weight loss tips that promise to effectively lose extra pounds. But scientists have now found that the best diet is vegan. The study found that people who lost weight by eating fewer animal products lost more pounds than those who ate meat and dairy products.

Investigator Ru-Ti Huang of E-Da Hospital in Taiwan and colleagues reviewed the results of 12 clinical studies on diets. These also included diets such as the popular Atkinson and those recommended by the American Diabetes Association. Data have been pooled and it has been shown that people who follow a vegetarian or vegan diet achieve better weight loss results. Those who eliminated meat and dairy products (vegans) from their diet lost an average of 2.5 pounds more than those who ate meat products. Vegetarians who do not eat meat but consume eggs and dairy products, on the other hand, have lost an average of 1.4 kilograms more than those who have eaten meat.

Dr. Huang explains that vegans eat more whole grains, fruits and vegetables and that this is most likely the key reason for greater weight loss. Whole grains and vegetables have a lower glycemic index (GI), which means they do not cause a rapid rise in blood sugar. Fruits are rich in fiber, antioxidants and other substances that protect our body. At the same time, whole grains contain soluble fiber, which causes food to be excreted later – which ensures better digestion. In this way, nutrients are also better absorbed in the gut. Several previous studies have shown that eating more fiber helps in losing excess weight. “A vegetarian diet is more effective than a non-vegetarian diet,” concludes Dr. Huang.

The results of the study were published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Animals used for entertainment

During a visit to the circus, we rarely ask ourselves what motivates an animal to do something unnatural, even dangerous, such as. jumping through fire, jumping on one leg, or jumping into the water from swaying platforms high in the air. Animal trainers would like to convince the audience to entice animals into such behavior with the promise of rewards. But in reality, these animals perform because they fear punishment. Animals accustomed to living freely in the wild are doomed in the circus to small lean cages, without normal movement and socialization. They drive them from place to place and up to 95 percent of their lives are chained. ”

“Are zoos valuable, educational and protective institutions? Of course, zoos are interesting, but they are instructive only in the sense that they teach us to disregard the nature of other living things. What can we learn about wildlife if we watch them in captivity? Zoos exist because people are interested in exotic things. And for zoo visitors, animals are just that … things. In both cases, in circuses and zoos, wild animals are trapped, caged, transported and taught to do what humans demand of them. ”

“Apart from the loss of the natural environment, hunting is a major threat to the life and livelihood of animals in the wild. Hunters kill over 200 million animals each year. Deer, roe deer, rabbits and squirrels are at the top of the list of most common targets. There is no denying that … If hunting is a sport, then it is a bloody sport. The targets are alive and suffering a violent death. “

animal experiments-why?

What are animal experiments

Animal experiments are horrifying, painful and deadly. Animals are exposed to unimaginable suffering and pain, they live in fear, shock, they are helpless and frightened. The consequences are long-term, with most attempts causing extreme suffering that often ends in the death of the animal. Even when not directly exposed to tests, animals suffer from loneliness, fear, pain, complete isolation, lack of food and water, in laboratory cages or. metal containers. After the experiments, the animals are usually killed.

When reality is scarier than fiction

The “Draize” test is used to test eye and skin irritation, especially in the cosmetics industry. Completely immobilized animals apply the chemical directly to the eye. In experiments, rabbits are most often used because they form very few tears, which prevents the test substance from being washed out of the eye. The staff then monitors the eye’s response to the substance for a longer period (up to 7 days). The animals do not receive any painkillers. In this way, cleaners, shampoos, pesticides and weed killers are most commonly tested. To test for skin irritation, the animal is picked up and the substance applied to the bare skin and reactions monitored. Despite various reactions – from swelling to inflammation and ulcers – animals do not receive any painkillers.

LD50 test. The abbreviation LD stands for “lethal dose” – a lethal amount, and 50 indicates a one-time amount of a substance needed to kill 50% of all animals abused in an experiment. The test is most often performed by inserting a tube into the animal’s throat, through which the animals then inject a toxic substance. Other methods of implication include injection, forced inhalation of vapors and application of the substance to animal skin. The LD50 test is performed on rabbits, rats, mice, birds, fish, dogs and monkeys. LD50 is widely used to test the toxicity of household products (eg cleaners), pesticides, cosmetics, medicines, weed killers. Animals can be tortured for up to 14 days. Any execution out of pity can affect the test result, so it is not performed.

Vivisection is a research method that uses live animals for biomedical development. Animal testing is mandatory by law for any substance or medicine before it is placed on the market. The citizens’ initiative “Stop Vivisection!” Is currently underway. – an initiative by European citizens calling for the repeal of a specific European directive on the protection of animals. If you are interested in more, you can find the information on the website: http://www.stopvivisection.eu/en/content/faq.

Animals are not only abused in institutions for experimental purposes, but are also subjected to inappropriate treatment and neglect. Daniel B. Moskowitz reports a case from Harvard University, specifically from the New England Primate Research Center, where a monkey died in June 2010 because he was forgotten in a cage sent to the dishwasher. Since then, four more monkeys have died in the same institution due to neglect. The latter was euthanized in February 2012 due to severe, fatal dehydration. This is not an isolated case.

The purpose of animal experiments

The main purposes of animal experiments are:

acquisition of basic biological knowledge,

basic medical research,

research and development of medicines,

toxicity testing of drugs, other chemicals and chemical products,

education.

On 11 March 2013, following 23 years of efforts by the European Association for the Prohibition of Animal Testing and other organizations, the EU finally banned the sale of any cosmetics or ingredients tested on animals, including those produced outside the EU.

Which animals are the most common victims of experiments

EUROPEAN UNION

(SOURCE: REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL AND THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, Sixth statistical report on the number of animals abused for experimental and other scientific purposes in the Member States of the European Union SEC (2010) 1107, Brussels, 8.12.2010)

Rodents, including rabbits, account for more than 80% of abused animals for animal experiments (white mice – 59% and rats – 17%). They are followed by:

cold-blooded animals: fish, reptiles and amphibians (9.6%),

birds (6.3%),

cattle, horses, donkeys and hybrids, pigs, goats, sheep (1.4%),

carnivores (0.3%) – mostly, but not exclusively, cats and dogs,

animal primates (0.08)%.

The total number of animals abused for experimental and other scientific purposes in the EU is over 12 million.

SLOVENIA

According to data from the VARS website, a total of 41,600 animals were abused in experiments between 2007 and 2010, mostly mice (33,159), rats (7,031) and rabbits (926). For the purpose of basic biological research, 5,468 animals were abused, for research and development of products and resources for human medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine (excluding toxicity and other safety assessments) 9,630 animals, for the manufacture and quality control of products and resources for human medicine and dentistry 21,613 animals, for the manufacture and quality control of veterinary products and devices 972 animals, for toxicity assessments and other safety assessments (including safety assessment of products and devices for human medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine) 2,855 animals and for disease diagnosis, education and training and other, undefined purposes a total of 1,062 animals.

http://stoptestinghouseholdproductsonanimals.com/info/ld50test (11-04-13)

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/lab_animals/reports_en.htm (10/04/2013)

http://stoptestinghouseholdproductsonanimals.com/info/ld50test (11-04-13)

Moskowitz, Daniel B. (2012): Harvard Halts Animal Research After Fourth Primate Death, http://www.biotechniques.com/news/Harvard-Halts-Animal-Research-After-Fourth-Primate-Death/biotechniques-327669. html (11-04-13)

Taylor, Katy et al. (2008): Estimates for Worldwide Laboratory Animal Use in 2005; in: ATLA, no. 36, 327-342; http://www.animalexperiments.info/resources/Studies/Animal-numbers/Worldwide/Global-nos-Taylor-et-al-2008-ATLA.pdf (11-04-13)

WILL THE WORLD EVER BE VEGAN? No reasonable man should support, and cause suffering to animals

I think that every vegan who is active in the desire to spread veganism among people and thus accelerate the moment that will announce the end of animal suffering, or who is present in one way or another in the field of animal protection, once in a lifetime thought about what are we doing wrong? The point is so clear that no reasonable human should support it, as most of us cannot watch, let alone experience or cause animal suffering. When the Real Property Code was amended, the phrase “Everyone who has ever dealt with an animal knows that they are sentient beings!” Resonated in Slovenia. However, we vegans, who avoid exploiting animals on all possible fronts wherever we can, from food, cosmetics, clothing to pharmacy, beauty products, etc., still remain surrounded by people we know understand. they are aware, they are mentally with us, yet their plates, bodies, faces, and actions reflect the death, suffering, and agony of millions of animals.

Already ancient philosophers proceeded from the premise that immoral behavior stems from ignorance and that obtaining relevant information always and necessarily leads to good deeds. Even today, we would like to believe that most people cultivate positive feelings towards non-human animals, and that once they realize the suffering behind animal-based products, they will no longer want to support it with their actions. Above all, the fact that we support the exploitation of animals to such an extent as society is to blame only for the ignorance that our society and upbringing, which are mainly farm animals – pigs, cows, are to blame for our attitude towards animals as objects, property. , chickens, fish – desubjectified and labeled as products. This is further reinforced by ANTHROPOCENTRIC thinking and the promotion of EGOISM, through the establishment of feelings of human superiority and the encouragement of negative human feelings towards these animals, in order to make their exploitation “normal”. Therefore, as young activists, we stood motionless in t. i. “Cube’s” with a tablet in hand and passers-by wanted to show what was really going on, even though I personally could never watch these footage. At the same time, the question echoed in my head as to whether this person will not turn into McDonalds today and all our efforts and all this suffering will be forgotten in a minute.

Elisa Aaltola in her article Politico-Moral Apathy and Omnivore’s Akrasia deals precisely with the issue and the old philosophical paradox called akrasia, i.e. a state where someone knows that x is real but still consciously acts contrary to x. If we map this to the realm of animals, it is a situation where someone willingly consumes animal products that they are aware have been obtained in an immoral way, by exploiting and torturing animals. And so we have really passionate people, animal lovers, ready on social media to condemn every person or organ that causes suffering to animals, to cheer for every pig or cow that escaped from the slaughterhouse, but still consumes or uses animal products every day. As a result, they do not follow the awareness of the need to liberate animals in their lives, and so the animal remains in the realm of ideas, while they themselves participate in violence that they consciously condemn.

In the modern society of the 21st century we live in, I could describe this roughly in three words. Consumption, hedonism and capitalism. And none of these words are in favor of the position that animals occupy in “our” anthropocentric system, because they have no moral value in it, because the system is based on their exploitation. Namely, in the foreground t. i. The reasonable or urgent interests of today’s society include desires ranging from greed to culinary pleasures, and arguments that glorify love for man and at the same time justify contempt for animals because they are “different” from us. However, no addressee of the arguments against veganism lacks the red thread, which is in the desire of omnivorous interlocutors to justify the exploitation of animals as morally justified, as an expression of the universal order, as something traditional. Unreasonable passions can provoke desires that are stronger than those aroused by reason, and at the same time our justification for this and the illogicality of the arguments we resort to are stronger.

Despite being informed, appetites and passions can cause irrational desires in us, which obscure the truth and the true view of the world. Nowadays, the exploitation of animals and the use of such products have become a matter of habit, so instrumentalized and ubiquitous that we have mastered mechanisms to block other sources of animal perception and evaluation, even though it has violent consequences in the real world. This reinforces and confirms the notion that non-human animals are less than us in their ability and value, and that they are useful as a result. The desire for self-preservation, which has always included the fact that we are part of a community, can be stronger than rationality. Today’s society not only teaches us, supports and institutionalizes the exploitation of animals, but also shamelessly advertises products based on their suffering. And the individual who fights against the world is alone in this, especially if the world refuses to understand him, even though he is reasonable in his arguments and decisions. And in this desire for normalcy, we are vegans who walk around with rational arguments, promoting empathy, a desire for a world free of animal suffering and exploitation, labeled as terrorists, hard workers, and abnormal.

How do we transcend this anthropocentric world and realize that animals are here with us, not for us?

Already the Buddha, ancient, medieval and ecclesiastical philosophers have emphasized that we will do good, that is, in accordance with morality, if we use self-discipline and control of our passions and desires. As Plato said, the first and greatest victory is to overcome yourself; being defeated by oneself, however, is something most shameful and base.

Nevertheless, today’s society perceives renunciation and self-control as something bad, as these notions are foreign to a consumer and hedonistic society that wants you to spend more, more and more every day, and to enjoy, enjoy, and enjoy again. And because our system is based on the exploitation of animals, we have been taught from birth that this is normal, acceptable and necessary, so self-reflection is a really difficult task. However, day by day we become more and more persons who are not able to control their actions and impulses, but are just puppets, guided by a constant flow of external stimuli that cause them to ignite desires for things that are evil or support evil – in the case of animal products, animal suffering. But we don’t even think about the reason for these desires, why we have to eat like a gourmand with a bloody trail on a plate, dress like we live in Siberia, with cofki skinned animals, why our face must be without lines and wrinkles at the expense of suffering millions who just wanted to live. To sum up Spinoza, greed, ambition, and lust are indeed types of madness, although they are not classified as diseases. And if at the same time we present veganism as a life full of renunciation, difficult changes and sacrifices, most people quickly turn away and prefer to listen to their passions, which in addition to normalcy also offer them comfort. Because, what is left for you in this life, full of troubles, as if you enjoy a little, even at the expense of another? However, acting morally brings happiness to life. Veganism should never be associated with renunciation and loss, as it offers so much more, empowers life, adds color and depth to our existence, quality insight that we are not alone on this planet. A happy life is a life we live morally, full of virtues. And it is only when we realize the value of other beings on this planet, whether human or non-human, that it motivates us to act in a direction that empowers the lives of others and consequently our own. Therefore, moral vegans also do not regret becoming vegans; the only regret is that they have not done so before.