On earth only 0.003% of unpolluted fresh water resources, and drinking water is increasingly prized commodity. With intensive agriculture and industrialization, the proportion of contaminated water sources increases. It is believed that the contaminated water is the main cause of illness and death in the world. Every day, because it dies of about 14,000 people.
People fresh water is used for drinking, cooking and washing, more water they consume food preparation, paper making and cotton products. An indicator of how much water is consumed directly and indirectly, the so-called water footprint. In the table below are given water masters for the selected food.
(Liter / kg)
Despite the fact that statistics vary considerably, we can objectively say that the production of plant foods we consume three times less water than the production and processing of foods of animal origin.
The main polluter of water is agriculture. Liquid manure and other animal wastes containing high levels of phosphates, nitrates, ammonia and pathogens leach into the groundwater, which flows into rivers, lakes and the sea, which has a negative impact on the health of organisms in the water and surroundings. A large proportion of agricultural products intended for animal feed. Approaches production materials, which include large amounts of fertilizers, pesticides and other plant protection products are always intense.
Depending on the type of eating can be concluded that a vegetarian who enjoys eggs and milk, it needs twice carnivore or even four times as much water as a vegan.
Think of all the water is a campaign of the Directorate General for Environment of the European Commission, in an interesting and informative way to create awareness of water consumption.
Sources and literature
Gianfranco Nitti. “Water is not an infinite resource and The World is Thirsty”. The Italian Insider, May 2011, p. 8, Rome
http://www.waterfootprint.org/?page=files/home (April 2013)