What are animal experiments
Animal experiments are horrifying, painful and deadly. Animals are exposed to unimaginable suffering and pain, they live in fear, shock, they are helpless and frightened. The consequences are long-term, with most attempts causing extreme suffering that often ends in the death of the animal. Even when not directly exposed to tests, animals suffer from loneliness, fear, pain, complete isolation, lack of food and water, in laboratory cages or. metal containers. After the experiments, the animals are usually killed.
When reality is scarier than fiction
The “Draize” test is used to test eye and skin irritation, especially in the cosmetics industry. Completely immobilized animals apply the chemical directly to the eye. In experiments, rabbits are most often used because they form very few tears, which prevents the test substance from being washed out of the eye. The staff then monitors the eye’s response to the substance for a longer period (up to 7 days). The animals do not receive any painkillers. In this way, cleaners, shampoos, pesticides and weed killers are most commonly tested. To test for skin irritation, the animal is picked up and the substance applied to the bare skin and reactions monitored. Despite various reactions – from swelling to inflammation and ulcers – animals do not receive any painkillers.
LD50 test. The abbreviation LD stands for “lethal dose” – a lethal amount, and 50 indicates a one-time amount of a substance needed to kill 50% of all animals abused in an experiment. The test is most often performed by inserting a tube into the animal’s throat, through which the animals then inject a toxic substance. Other methods of implication include injection, forced inhalation of vapors and application of the substance to animal skin. The LD50 test is performed on rabbits, rats, mice, birds, fish, dogs and monkeys. LD50 is widely used to test the toxicity of household products (eg cleaners), pesticides, cosmetics, medicines, weed killers. Animals can be tortured for up to 14 days. Any execution out of pity can affect the test result, so it is not performed.
Vivisection is a research method that uses live animals for biomedical development. Animal testing is mandatory by law for any substance or medicine before it is placed on the market. The citizens’ initiative “Stop Vivisection!” Is currently underway. – an initiative by European citizens calling for the repeal of a specific European directive on the protection of animals. If you are interested in more, you can find the information on the website: http://www.stopvivisection.eu/en/content/faq.
Animals are not only abused in institutions for experimental purposes, but are also subjected to inappropriate treatment and neglect. Daniel B. Moskowitz reports a case from Harvard University, specifically from the New England Primate Research Center, where a monkey died in June 2010 because he was forgotten in a cage sent to the dishwasher. Since then, four more monkeys have died in the same institution due to neglect. The latter was euthanized in February 2012 due to severe, fatal dehydration. This is not an isolated case.
The purpose of animal experiments
The main purposes of animal experiments are:
acquisition of basic biological knowledge,
basic medical research,
research and development of medicines,
toxicity testing of drugs, other chemicals and chemical products,
On 11 March 2013, following 23 years of efforts by the European Association for the Prohibition of Animal Testing and other organizations, the EU finally banned the sale of any cosmetics or ingredients tested on animals, including those produced outside the EU.
Which animals are the most common victims of experiments
(SOURCE: REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL AND THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, Sixth statistical report on the number of animals abused for experimental and other scientific purposes in the Member States of the European Union SEC (2010) 1107, Brussels, 8.12.2010)
Rodents, including rabbits, account for more than 80% of abused animals for animal experiments (white mice – 59% and rats – 17%). They are followed by:
cold-blooded animals: fish, reptiles and amphibians (9.6%),
cattle, horses, donkeys and hybrids, pigs, goats, sheep (1.4%),
carnivores (0.3%) – mostly, but not exclusively, cats and dogs,
animal primates (0.08)%.
The total number of animals abused for experimental and other scientific purposes in the EU is over 12 million.
According to data from the VARS website, a total of 41,600 animals were abused in experiments between 2007 and 2010, mostly mice (33,159), rats (7,031) and rabbits (926). For the purpose of basic biological research, 5,468 animals were abused, for research and development of products and resources for human medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine (excluding toxicity and other safety assessments) 9,630 animals, for the manufacture and quality control of products and resources for human medicine and dentistry 21,613 animals, for the manufacture and quality control of veterinary products and devices 972 animals, for toxicity assessments and other safety assessments (including safety assessment of products and devices for human medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine) 2,855 animals and for disease diagnosis, education and training and other, undefined purposes a total of 1,062 animals.
Moskowitz, Daniel B. (2012): Harvard Halts Animal Research After Fourth Primate Death, http://www.biotechniques.com/news/Harvard-Halts-Animal-Research-After-Fourth-Primate-Death/biotechniques-327669. html (11-04-13)
Taylor, Katy et al. (2008): Estimates for Worldwide Laboratory Animal Use in 2005; in: ATLA, no. 36, 327-342; http://www.animalexperiments.info/resources/Studies/Animal-numbers/Worldwide/Global-nos-Taylor-et-al-2008-ATLA.pdf (11-04-13)