How to prepare for a nuclear threat.

There are currently 14,900 nuclear warheads in the world, owned by 9 different countries. They are led by Russia with 7,000 and the US with 6,800 spikes. However, nuclear weapons production is not declining. What’s more, agreements to reduce nuclear arsenal are coming to an end, and the world is gearing up for a new arms race. Therefore, we publish basic information on how best to prepare for and protect against a nuclear disaster.

What to do before a nuclear attack?

Assemble the emergency kit. This includes non-perishable food, water, battery or hand-held radios, lamps and batteries. You can prepare a larger, static kit for the home, or a smaller, portable one for the car.

Make a home emergency plan. Your family may not be together during a disaster, so it’s important to make a plan for how to behave in an emergency and how to get in touch with each other.

What to do during a nuclear attack?

Listen to official information online, television or radio and follow official instructions.

If an attack warning is issued, hide in a sheltered area as soon as possible, preferably in an underground basement, and wait there until you receive other instructions. In the event of a nuclear explosion, do not leave the shelter for at least two weeks, and under no circumstances should you leave it for the first 48 hours.

Your goal should be to be protected with as much earth, concrete and brick as possible. So find a shelter that is as deep as possible in the ground or that is arranged in case of a nuclear attack.

What to do if you are outside during an attack?

Do not look into the explosion as you may go blind.

Hide behind anything that can offer you protection.

Lie on the floor with your stomach against the floor, cover your head with your hands. If the explosion is far away, the impact can only reach you after 30 seconds or more, so don’t get up too quickly.

Immediately after the impact, find shelter, even if you are several kilometers away from the center of the explosion. Radioactive ash can be carried by the wind hundreds of kilometers away.

As soon as possible, take off all clothing and clean and shower if you have the opportunity. Do not rub on the skin.

Wash your hair with shampoo and water. Do not use conditioner, as this adheres the radioactive material to the hair.

What to do after a nuclear attack?

Use the radio from the first point and wait for the instructions. Do not leave the shelter for at least 48 hours, or until instructed to do so. This avoids the bulk of the radioactive ash that remains in the air.

Avoid damaged areas and areas marked “radiation hazard”. If you have been exposed to radiation, seek medical attention as soon as possible.

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