The long-held belief that milk benefits our health has been called into question by Swedish experts in their latest research. It showed that daily consumption of large amounts of milk can lead to health problems.
For decades, we have believed that milk is good for our health and that it is therefore advisable to drink plenty of it. A diet rich in dairy products is supposed to help build and maintain strong bones and reduce the risk of fractures in those who are more exposed due to age. In addition, calcium is important for other body functions as it helps regulate heart rate and blood clotting. That is why doctors advise us to consume milk and dairy products that are rich in calcium every day.
But a recent study by Swedish experts from Uppsala University found that drinking milk daily does not reduce an individual’s risk of bone fractures, as the body needs vitamin D to absorb this mineral in addition to calcium and can increase the risk of death. In addition to calcium, milk contains two types of sugar – lactose and galactose, which accelerate the aging process in animals, as they promote oxidative stress and chronic inflammation.
The aim of the latest research, however, was to find out whether these sugars have the same effect on humans. The study analyzed data from 61,433 women aged 39 to 74 and 45,339 men aged 45 to 79. They regularly completed a questionnaire asking experts how often they ate the 96 most common foods on the attached list, which also included milk, yogurt and cheese. Women were followed for an average of 20 years and men for 11 years and the number of deaths and fractures was observed in different groups. ” We really found higher oxidative stress and inflammation in women and men who drank a few glasses of milk each day compared to those who drank less milk, ” study leader Karl Michaëlsson told Yahoo Health. ” But we didn’t detect fewer fractures in people who drank more milk. In addition, the risk of death was higher for women who drank more than three glasses of milk a day (680 ml on average) compared to those who drank less than a glass of milk a day (60 ml on average). “
Michaëlsson explained that the findings only show a link between milk and an increased risk of mortality and not evidence to suggest a cause-effect relationship. This means that oxidative stress, which occurs when oxygen in our body reacts with molecules called free radicals, does not cause death but increases the risk of developing diseases such as diabetes, cancer, heart disease and bone loss. Chronic inflammation, however, is associated with a whole host of other diseases, including stroke, depression, cancer, and heart disease.
Despite the results of the study, Michaëlsson says that both children and adults should not exclude milk or other dairy products from their diet. ” It’s too early to draw conclusions from this research to give people specific recommendations. This study should not be seen as crucial, but only as a piece of the puzzle that will show more concrete results. “